Background: Health behavior can be described as behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote health status. For example, proper diet and appropriate exercise are ac vi es perceived to inﬂuence health status. High-risk behaviors can signiﬁcantly impact the lives of youth and those around them; hence parents, educators and other concerned adults should be aware of the prevalence of these behaviors, the factors that increase their likelihood, and what can be done to abate or prevent those risks [CDC, 2006; Eaton et al., 2006]. The students at the College of Medicine, University of Lagos (CMUL) are youths and also future health providers that will be involved in health promo on hence the need to determine their risk behavior. Purpose: This study was to assess the health behavior of ﬁnal year students in CMUL.