Transformation of forests to pastures and agricultural lands has had negative ecological impacts
in the Latin American region. However, the implementation of silvopastoral systems to replace grass
monocultures in extensive ranching could contribute to a reduction of environmental degradation,
recovery of degraded pastures and increased and farm productivity. This article present some
research results, as base to show the potential of silvopastoral systems to enhance the carbon
storage above or belowground, These sinks, could be increase by PES strategy to stimulate the
establishing silvopastoral systems. However, there are still significant gaps in the knowledge about
the relations between biophysical factors and environmental services.